Aggressive Periodontal Disease
Aggressive periodontal disease is characterized by the rapid loss of gum attachment and bone tissue. The disease itself is essentially the same as chronic periodontitis, but the advancement is much quicker. Smokers and those with a family history of this disease are at a higher risk of developing aggressive periodontitis.
The treatments for aggressive periodontal disease are the same as the treatments for chronic periodontal disease, but people suffering from aggressive periodontal disease are far more likely to require a surgical intervention. This form of periodontitis is harder to stop and treat, but your dentist will perform scaling, root planing, antimicrobial, and in some cases laser procedures in an attempt to save valuable tissue and bone.
Necrotizing Periodontal Disease
This form of the disease rapidly worsens and is more prevalent among people who smoke and who suffer from:
- Chronic Stress
- Or HIV
Necrotizing periodontal disease is extremely rare. Tissue death (necrosis) frequently affects the periodontal ligament, gingival tissues, and alveolar bone. Because the disease may be associated with HIV or another serious medical condition, it is likely your dentist will consult with a physician before commencing treatment. Scaling, root planing, antibiotic pills, medicated mouthwash, and fungicidal medicines are generally used to treat this form of the disease.
How Periodontal Disease Relates to Other Conditions
Periodontal disease can be a symptom of a disease or condition affecting the rest of the body. Depending on the underlying medical problem, the disease can behave like aggressive periodontal disease, working quickly to destroy tissue. Heart disease, diabetes, and respiratory disease are the most common cofactors, though there are many others. Even in cases where little plaque coats the teeth, many medical conditions intensify and accelerate the progression of periodontal disease. If your periodontal disease is caused by another medical condition, the first thing to do is control the medical condition that led to it. Your Tuscaloosa, AL dentist will then help halt the progression of your periodontitis utilizing the same treatments used for controlling aggressive and chronic periodontal disease.